ArenaMaReMa
Centre of Marine Resource Management

NEWSLETTER volume 2(1)


January - March / 2007

The MaReMa Centre publishes the newsletter Arena MaReMa which reports current activities and projects. The online version is updated frequently. A printed version of Arena MaReMa is issued four times every year. Contact the centre for a free subscription to this newsletter. You can find updated information on MaReMa on our home page www.maremacentre.com.

Other activities are found on the MaReMa Calendar.


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Published by
MaReMa Centre
email: arena@maremacentre.com
Editor: Arne Eide

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FAO: Stable world fish catches

March 5 2007 FAO released its latest State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture report (SOFIA). Total catch and aquaculture production reached a record high of about 106 million tonnes of food fish in 2004. The catches have stabilised around 85-95 million tonnes and to percentage of fully exploited fisheries remains in the area around 50%.
The report includes a wide range of information on types of catches and aquaculture, continents and countries. Usually only the big picture reaches the headlines. Therefore we present some of the less highlighted information, time series of number of fishers in selected countries. The top ten fish exporters are also shown below.

Number of fishers in selected countries.

1990

1995

2000

2004

WORLD

23905853

25799922

30733366

30118720

China

7351927

8759162

9213340

8528361

Iceland *)

6951

7000

6100

4600

Japan *)

370600

301440

260200

230990

Indonesia

1995290

2463237

3104861

3950420

Norway

27518

23653

20072

15586

Peru

...

60030

91226

95512

*) Including aquaculture
Source: FAO (2007). The state of world fisheries and aquaculture 2006.

Top ten exporters (US$ mill.)

1994

2004

%

China

2320

6637

11.1

Norway

2718

4132

4.3

Thailand

4190

4034

-0.4

United States of America

3230

3851

1.8

Denmark

2359

3566

4.2

Canada

2182

3487

4.8

Spain

1021

2565

9.6

Chile

1304

2484

6.7

Netherlands

1346

2452

5.5

Viet Nam

484

2403

17.4

Source: FAO (2007). The state of world fisheries and aquaculture 2006.

New NOMA cooperation Norway-Vietnam

On December 19 2006 the NOMA Programme (Norad's Programme for Master Studies) Board made a provisional allocation of nearly 86 million NOK for bilateral and multilateral Master programmes to be established in the South.

The 17 new NOMA projects include one project initiated by Ola Flaaten (picture) at the MaReMa Centre. The cooperation project will be implemented by the Norwegian College of Fishery Science and University of Fisheries in Vietnam. A new master programme in Fisheries and Aquaculture Management and Economics will be established at the Vietnamese university. More information about the new NOMA projects is found here.
[02.01.2007]

Atlantic cod classifies as vulnerable by Red List

The Red List Programme has categorised cod (Gadus morhua) as a vulnerable species, indicating that cod is "facing a high risk of extinction in the wild in the medium-term future".

The Red List is not providing any documentation supporting this point of view apart from one reference to Hutchings et al (2001). The complete reference is
Hutchings, J.A. and Myers, R.A. 1994. What can be learned from the collapse of a renewable resource? Atlantic cod,
Gadus morhua, of Newfoundland and Labrador. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 51:2126-2146.
This paper is, as clearly reflected by it’s title, only referring to the Northwest Atlantic cod population.

The IUCN red list criteria make use of numbers and letters referring to different population properties. In the case of cod the complete red list label is VU A1bd. This indicates that the reduction in cod population size is “based on an observed, estimated, inferred or suspected population size reduction of 50% over the last 10 years or three generations, whichever is the longer, where the causes of the reduction are: clearly reversible AND understood AND ceased, based on (and specifying) any of the following:…..(b) an index of abundance appropriate to the taxon …..(d) actual or potential levels of exploitation “.

The actual history of the Northeast Atlantic cod stock is shown in the figure above.  Each layer represents one yearclass. For more information, visit the web site of the ICES Arctic Fisheries Working Group.
[02.01.2007]